President Barack Obama's second inauguration ceremony and celebration Jan. 21 is a far cry from the inauguration of our first president, George Washington.
That ceremony was held April 30, 1789, at Federal Hall in New York City, where the federal government was headquartered at the time. It was later at Washington's second inauguration, in Philadelphia, where he made the shortest inauguration speech on record — 133 words and less than two minutes long.
One thing all presidential inauguration swearing-in ceremonies have in common, though, are these words: "I do solemnly swear that I will faithfully execute the office of the President of the United States and will, to the best of my ability, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States."
Later inaugurations were held in Philadelphia when the federal government moved there. The first inauguration to be held at the U.S. Capitol was for Thomas Jefferson on March 4, 1801.
The swearing-in ceremony has taken place on the east side of the Capitol, the west side of the Capitol (where it's held today) and other places like hotel rooms (for James Monroe in 1817, because the Capitol was still being rebuilt after being burned by the British) or even on a plane (when Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson was sworn into office after the assassination of President John F. Kennedy in Dallas).
A few facts about some of the presidents whose photos appear in the gallery, according to "99 Interesting Facts About the U.S. Presidents" and other sources.
- In 1865, during Abraham Lincoln's second inauguration, African-Americans marched in the parade for the first time.
- The youngest president was Teddy Roosevelt, who became president at age 42 when President William McKinley (1843-1901) was assassinated.
- Franklin Delano Roosevelt's inauguration in 1933 was the last inauguration to be held in March. All inaugurations since then have been held in January.
- Harry Truman didn't find out until he got to the White House on April 12, 1945, that he was being sworn in as president after the sudden death of FDR.
- When Dwight and Mamie Eisenhower arrived at the White House to pick up Truman in 1953 for the ride to the Capitol, they not only refused to enter for a cup of coffee with the Trumans, but stayed in their vehicle until Truman came outside.
- The first poet to participate in an inauguration, Robert Frost recited from memory a poem at John F. Kennedy's inaugural in 1961, after the sun's glare on the snow made it too difficult to read a poem he had written for the occasion.
- Lyndon B. Johnson was sworn in on Air Force One in Texas two hours after Kennedy was killed Nov. 22, 1963. He was the first president to be sworn in by a woman, federal Judge Sarah T. Hughes.
- At one of the inaugural balls in 1969, Richard Nixon forgot to introduce the first lady, breaking a tradition, according to "The People's Almanac."
- Gerald Ford was sworn in Aug. 9, 1974, as president after Nixon's resignation in the wake of the Watergate scandal. Ford took the oath of office in the White House East Room after the Nixons had departed to California.
- Jimmy Carter was the first president, in 1977, to walk from the Capitol to the White House in the parade.
- Ronald Reagan's second inauguration, in 1985, was the coldest at 7 degrees — and 10 to 20 degrees below zero with the wind chill.
- George H.W. Bush used two Bibles at his swearing-in ceremony in 1989 — the George Washington Bible, which belonged to St. John's Masonic Lodge No. 1, and his family Bible. Obama will use two Bibles this year.
- Bill Clinton's inauguration in 1993 was the first to be carried live on the Internet.
- George W. Bush's inauguration in 2001 was the first time a former president attended his son's inauguration.
- Obama became the country's first African-American president when he was sworn in as president in 2009.